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Jamie Taylor’s Bird Watching Diary
1942 -1945

By Mary Taylor Previte (Jamie’s little sister)

In 1944 and 1945, James “Jamie” Taylor, 14 years old, filled a 4" x 6" notebook with carefully-penned observations – about putting his hand into a sparrow's nest and finding babies, counting bustards flying overhead, welcoming flowers that announced the spring, listening to cicadas beginning to buzz, numbering the leaves sprouting on a plant. Logged to earn his Boy Scout Naturalist badge, he wrote ordinary, boyish stuff .


Jamie Taylor was writing in a crowded Japanese internment camp in China, a world of barrier walls, electrified wires, guard dogs, prisoner numbers, roll calls, and hunger.

The cover says simply: J. Taylor Weihsien Birds. J. Taylor was James Hudson Taylor, III, a student in the Chefoo School for the children of Protestant missionaries in China and great grandson of pioneer missionary to China, J. Hudson Taylor. Weihsien was the Weihsien Civilian Assembly Center in China’s Shandong Province. Weihsien held 1.500 Allied prisoners behind barrier walls and electrified wires.

In 1944, when Jamie started writing his bird watching diary, we four Taylor children had already been separated for four years from our missionary parents, with warring armies an impenetrable blockade. With a school full of the children of Protestant missionaries to China, we and our classmates in the Chefoo School had had been marched off to internment camp. With 1,500 prisoners in Weihsien, we had been rounded up as “enemy aliens,” each with a prisoner number. It would be another year and a half before the war ended and we would see our father and mother again.

Missionary teachers tried to be substitute parents.

In a prison camp, how do you arm yourself against fear? Our teachers' answer was to fashion a protective womb around our psyches, insulating and cushioning us with familiar routines: daily school and work details.

Structure. Structure. Structure.

Our teachers taught us exactly what to expect. They marched us off to breakfast for a splash of steaming gao liang gruel (animal feed, even by Chinese standards). They trooped us back to our dormitory, mug and spoon in hand, to scrub the floor. We grouped for morning prayers, and sang:

God is still on the throne;
And He will remember His own.
His promise is true;
He will not forget you.
God is still on the throne.

We lined up for inspection. Were we clean? Were we neat? Did we have our mending done? We settled down on our steamer-trunk “beds” for school: English, Latin, French, history, Bible.

Structure. It was our security blanket.

One of the predictable routines was school. Yes, school would go on – even in the shadow of guard towers. So would Boy Scouts and Girl Guides, Cub Scouts and Brownies. We practiced semaphore and Morse Code during daily roll calls. We practiced tying knots -- reef, bowline, round-turn-two-half-hitches. Scout leaders like Stanley Houghton and Guide leaders like Inez Phare, Brownie leaders like “Brown Owl” Evelyn Davey expected students to work on badges. In the shadow of the barrier walls and under the eyes of uniformed Japanese guards, we worked on badges – reading badges, hiking badges, folk singing badges, naturalist badges. Yes, and do a good deed every day – even when your hands are freezing from making coal balls to fuel the stoves or your knife or thumb nail is bloody from the Saturday “battle-with-the-bedbugs.” Girl Guides were expected to embroider badges for the Boy Scouts.

Written for his Naturalist Badge, Jamie’s bird watching diary is so much more than a 14-year-old Boy Scout training a sparrow or watching poplar catkins "beginning to fall off." Its pages are punctuated with news and observations that fascinated this 14-year-old about life in internment camp:

June 11
New bull not as large as the old one which died of anthrax..
Dec. 2.
Got stoves.

It's a story of relationships:

Sunday May 12
A boy threw a stone at a Crowned Willow Warbler, and killed it.
Thursday May 18
I put my hand into a sparrow's nest and found babies, It was at block 60 under the tiles. I am sharing with Beard (a class mate).
Tuesday May 23
A Jap gave us an egg so we put it under the babyrook.

Between the lines, it shouts triumph of the human spirit.

March 29 Wednesday
Hugh Hubbard gave a lecture on N. China Birds. It was very good. He showed us some specimens.
April 17 Monday
Mr. Hubbard showed me some Brambling in a willow tree.
Monday April 24.
Saw a Western China Blue and white Flycatcher. Mr Hubbard had only seem it once before.

Were spirits wilting? Hugh Hubbard took boys and girls on bird watch walks. Group walks. Private walks. He showed them stuffed birds. He taught them the songs of birds. He lectured on birds of North China. An internationally-known ornithologist and author, Hugh Hubbard would not let their spirits die. Jamie wrote about it all.

Well, not all.

Jamie didn’t write about hunger or terror or bayonet drills or guard dogs or homesickness. When he wrote about daily roll call, it was only to observe

“November 10.
17 bustards passed during roll call.”

In the Weihsien internment camp, it is just as much what Jamie DIDN’T write about -- that honors with an everlasting tribute the quiet heroes of Weihsien: our teachers, Boy Scout, Girl Guide, Brownie, and Cub Scout leaders, men and women like Hugh Hubbard, Eric Liddell, Brigadier Stranks who poured their unique spirit into saving us children.


Weihsien Birds
Naturalist Badge.

Tuesday March 21, 1944
I saw a Promise of Spring in bloom in the Jap Quarters. Saw my first cabbage White Butterfly. I also saw a Marsh Tit and heard it calling. I saw three Hare Holes, One had a hare in it. The second had a nouse round it. I saw a Spark Head Woodpecker. I found out how to tell a Marsh Tit from a Chickadee. The Chickadee has a black …

all pictures: GOOGLE "image"

… line down its breast. The Marsh Tit has a dirty White breast.

Wednesday March 22.
A baby goat was born this morning. The mother goat was in a horrible state. Saw a Pied Woodpecker up a fir tree. It is a uncommon sight. I saw some Sheperds Perse, Alfa Alfa and a dandelion over by the hospital. Poplar catkins are getting quite big and beginning to fall off. One of the Rooks nests was sawn down. (The one in the Haas's block).

(page 03)
March 23 Thursday
Saw a Hen Harrier circling round and round till it went out of sight. Saw a Pied Woodpecker. Saw a tout 3 Hoopoes. Two were pecking in the ground. The other was up a tree. They have a queer habit. When they have got some food or a grub out of the ground they raise their crest as if in pride

(page 04)
March 24 Friday.
Saw 3 Hoopoes, one outside the camp and two up a tree. Saw a grey headed Woodpecker on an akashka tree [acacia tree]. I saw seven Starlings flying over and as they flew they made a funny squeaking noise.

(page 05)
Saw two Rufous Doves in some wheat fields. Mr. Hubbard showed me some yellow Throated Buntings, and some Spotted Necked Doves. I also saw a Red Throated Thrush. I saw a Kestral. There is a rose in bloom in the Jap Quarters.

March 25 Saturday.
Saw an Indian Red Tailed Crush shrike. I saw some Apricot blossom near Post Office.

(page 06)
Two more Baby Goat have been born. The other one died.

March 26 Sunday.
Willow tree near block 60, 15 beginning to get leaves, Saw a bird did not know at the top of a poplar. We found what we thought was a lair of a Hoopoe. Helped put up a tin for a sparrow's nest. Found some Mason Wasp's nests. Mr Pryor showed us a Scarab Beetles mud ball which he found 2" under the ground while he was digging.

(page 07)
March 27. Monday.

Saw all three kinds of woodpeckers in about 3 minutes.

It rained this morning.
Saw 6 swallows going round in pairs.
Saw a Moth.
Heard a Grey Head going round calling for its mate.
I also saw a red Tailed Thrush. Spring is beginning to show its-self in the trees.
Saw a kind of wild Black eyed Susan.

(page 08)
March 28 Tuesday

Two more baby Goats born this morning at 11 o'clock.
2 more Rooks nests were taken down.
The Rooks that owned the nests just sat at the top and cawed!

March 29 Wednesday.

Saw a Blue Start in the Jap Quarters.
Saw several Red Tailed Thrushes for the 3rd time.
Saw hordes of Chickadees & Marsh Tits.
Mr. Hubbard gave a lecture on N. China Birds. It was very good. He showed us some specimens.

(page 09)
March 30 Thursday

Saw my first violet. Saw 2 blue Starts.

March 31. Friday.

Saw a Hoopoe for the first time in the last four days.
Harrison and Sadler II were given an azure wing from Leo Ourkerk.
I have started to grow a Wild Flower. I got it behind block 24. Mrs. Jackson said that it was probably in the Michalmus daisy family. It has started to drop its …

(page 10)
… first straight leaves. It has begun to grow jagged edged leaves. I am growing it in a small jam Tin.

April 1. Saturday.
It half snowed and Rained.

April 2. Sunday.
I saw a Red Footed Falcon within 20 yds. It was swooping down on a hare. Saw a hare in its hole.
The magpies are building a nest in front of the Church. (sacked).
Found the body wings and talons of an Asiatic Sparrow Hawk in hole in Jap Quarters.

(page 11)
April 3 Monday
My plant has begun to shoot out another set of leaves.
Saw a lot of yellow Throated Buntings in some trees.

April 4.
Saw quite a lot of Daurian Red Starts up Cowlane.
Found Quite a lot of long tailed field mice.
Saw a Blue Start.

April 5. Wednesday.
Saw a swallow flying over and over the Popalar in front of 23.
My flower is getting ….

(page 12)
…. on very well.
The straight leaves have come off.
The jagged ones are growing fast.
The buds on the apricot tree in front of the Administration building are beginning to flower.

April 6. Thursday!
Some more jagged leaves are sprouting on my flower. Saw about two starlings.

April 8. Saturday.
Saw a Willow Warbler behind 24. Starlings are getting quite common now.

April 9 Sunday
Saw some Starlings and a Pied Pecker.

(page 13)

April 11 Tuesday.

Saw 3 Grey heads flying together.

Saw some Pied Wagtails.

Saw several Willow Warblers.

Several flocks of Bustard flew over during the Scout Sports.

Saw some dark brown Ducks flying over, the leader had a white neck and head.

Saw hordes of Black Jackdaws.

Saw Golden Rumped Swallow and a Red Tailed Thrush.

(page 14)
Saw a hare in its hole and then saw it being chased by a dog.

Saw a sparrow in its nest in a willow tree.

April 12. Wednesday.
Saw a Willow Warbler early in the morning.

Saw a pair of chickadees.

Saw a Sparkhead and a pied in the same tree.
Starlings are still numerous.
Saw a Red footed Falcon high in the sky.

Saw several Black headed Grey faced Buntings in the Jap Quarters.

Saw a Wren for the first time in a hole in a Jap House

(page 15)

April 13. Thursday
My flower has got two more little leaves. It is about 3” high.
Saw a female Blue Start.
Saw a Hoopoe pecking in grass.

April 14 Friday
Helped skin a hedgehog.

Saw several Yellow Throated Buntings.
Heard a hoopoe.

April 16 Sunday
Saw an Asiatic Sparrow Hawk swoop down and pick up a sparrow.
Saw a brown Fly-catcher in ….

(page 16)

Jap Quarters. Also saw a male Blue Start.

April 17 Monday.
Mr. Hubbard showed me some Brambling in a willow tree near the river.
Saw a Grey Headed Woodpecker & Sparkhead.
Saw a duck fly round over the river then on ...

April 20 Thursday.
My flower is getting on well & more leaves are sprouting.

(page 17)
Monday April 24.
Saw a Western China Blue and White Flycatcher. It was seen first by Harrison. Mr. Hubbard had only seen it once before.

Tuesday April 25.
Saw and heard a Wryneck.
Saw a Grey headed Thrush and a Dusky Thrush in Jap Compound.
Saw two Kestrals flying over.
The Red footed Falcons have begun to fight the magpies.

Wednesday April 26.
Saw some Swifts and Red foots.
My flower is getting bigger rapidly there are about 10 leaves on it.

(page 18)

Thursday April 27.
Saw House Swallows and Golden Rumped Swallows flying round together.

Friday April 28.
Saw a Bustard flying over.

Saturday April 29.
Saw about 20 Dusky Thrushes.

Sunday April 30.
Saw a Goshawk. My flower has got about 11 leaves.

Monday May 1.
My flower has got 4 more leaves.

Tuesday May 2.
Saw some Ground Thrushes running in the graves.

(page 19)
Wednesday May 3.
Mimosa trees are getting leaves now.
Saw a Grey Minivet in front of block 23.
My flower is about 3½“ high. It has about 15 leaves. Each leaf is growing larger.

Thursday May 4.
Saw several Goshawks circling round in the sky.

Friday May 5.
The Catalpa tree near the bakery has little white flowers.
Saw a Whooper Swan.

Saturday May 6.
Saw a Swift and a Goshawk.
Saw 2 Green Herons looking for a place to land.

(page 20)

Sunday May 7
Planted some violet seeds.
Achaicias are in full bloom now.
Most of the magpies nests have been taken by Red foots now.
Found a Rufous Doves nest.

Monday May 8
Saw a Pied Woodpecker and a Sparkhead (woodpecker).

Tuesday May 9
We were given a Scopse Owl. It would not go eat so we let it go.
It fled straight into some trees, and the azures started to bother it immediately.
It flew very silently.

(page 21)

Wednesday May 10.
Lots more birds have come.
Saw a black Drongo.
Saw a Pallas Blue Robin.
Saw a Wryneck in a Wysteria in the Jap Quarters.
Also saw a Male Blue Star.
Saw a Siberian Ruby Throat for the first time.

Thursday May 11
Saw a Chestnut Bunting up a tree.
Saw three Black Drongos up an acacia tree.
They are quite pretty.

(page 22)

Friday May 12
We were given a Yellow browed Willow Warbler which had a broken wing and Rib.
A cat sneaked into our room and stole the baby Rook.

Saturday May 13
(David) Beard climbed up to another nest and got another Baby Rook.
It is a little bigger than the last Rook.
Found about 9 azures nests.
Saw a Black Drongo, also a Chinese Crossbill.
I saw a hesser Black Headed Grosbeak.

(page 23)
My flower is getting on very well. It has got almost 20 leaves.

Sunday May 14
Saw quite a few Burmese Red Turtle Doves, also found a nest of one.
Saw a Red Breasted thrush (?)
Saw about 11 Philippine Red Tailed Shrikes, also several Pallas’s Blue Robins.
The China Berry trees are in bloom.
In the night the Willow Warbler died.
Saw several Brown Flycatchers.
Saw 14 House Swallows.
The Golden Orioles have ….

(page 24)
… been singing all day.
A boy threw a stone at a Crowned Willow Warbler, and killed it.
Saw two Tricolour Flycatchers one a male and the other a female.

Monday May 15
Saw an Owl near 23.
Also saw a North China Merlin.
The Owl flew behind block 24.

Tuesday May 16.
We got a dead and alive Swallow.
It rained quite hard.

(page 25)
Wednesday May 17.
We got a baby Magpie. While we were getting them the Rooks and Magpies made a terrible noise.
Saw a bird with blue head and brown wings.
Saw another bird which we could not recognise.

Thursday May 18.
Saw a white throated Rock Thrush.
The doves nest behind 24 has got eggs.
Found that the Burmese and Rufous Doves nests in the willow in the Jap Quarters have eggs.
I put my hand into a Sparrows nest and found babies. It was at block 60 under the tiles.
I am sharing with [David] Beard.

(page 26)
Friday May 19.
Saw several Burmese nests.
Mrs. Simslee found a Marsh Tit.
Heard an Indian Cuckoo for first time.
Chickadees nest in the wall of Jap Quarters has got eggs.

Saturday May 20.
Climbed some trees in Cow lane and found a little Starling of a nest.
Sadler II found 2 other ….

(page 27)
… Golden Orioles are singing all day now.
Finding doves nests the whole time.
Hearing shrikes in trees quite a bit now.

Sunday May 21.
Found that the chickadee had sacked its nest.
I saw a white throated Rock Thrush.
Hoyte III climbed Magpies nest and found babies.
Chucles got some small magpies.
Bell III caught a young female pigeon in the Church.

Monday May 22.
We decided not to take Sparrows until they are bigger.
My flower has got 2 little buds.

(page 28)
Tuesday May 23
We got 4 baby sparrows.
A Jap girl gave us an egg so we put it under the baby Rook.

Friday May 26
Found that the Rufous in the Willow has sacked its nest.

Saturday May 27.
Found a Shrikes nest being built.
Smoke Tree in bloom now.
Saw a Red Admiral and a Painted Lady.
Cuckoos singing and flying about.
Heard a Hoopoe calling, couldn’t see it.

(page 29)
Monday May 29.
Saw and heard a Marsh Tit singing.
There is a Sparrows nest above our window.

Tuesday May 30.
My flower is growing well. It has got little white flowers.
The Indian Cuckoo calls each morning.

Wednesday May 31.
Saw a Roller in J.Q.
Sadler II found more Shrike nests.
Golden Orioles flying round in pairs.
My flower has 6 flowers and 20 leaves its height 5”.

Thursday June 1.
My sparrow comes when called. It can fly quite well.
Saw a lots of dif- …

(page 30)
… ferent kinds of Bees.
Saw different kinds of swallow tails.
Beard’s myants have dug a little bellow half way.
China Berry just flowering.
Burmese are building nests down Rocky Road,
One nest near cows heads 11’ from the ground.

June 2.
Flowers withering on my plant.

June 3.
Harrison saw a Drongo’s nest.
Had an attempt to get Starlings (failure).

Sunday June 4.
Bells Sparrow flew away but returned again.
Eggs taken from Burmese nest in Willow clump. 6 corn up.

Monday June 5.
Heard a chickadee.
Cuckoos been singing Qui! Qui! Yocku!

(page 31)
Tuesdays June 6.
We put our Sparrows in Mimosa tree outside the verandah of 23, which is flowering.

Wed. June 7.
Several Sparrows caught by Azures. Saw a Nightjar in Cow Lane. Burmese & Azures have babies.

Thur. June 8.
Orioles nest in block 29 and one up by cow sheds.

Frid. June 9.
Red foots have eggs. A nest of Red foot by cow sheds.

Sat. June 10.
Found Shrikes nest with one egg. All baby Magpies have been taken from Jap nest.

Sun. June11.
Found a Chickadees nest in a tree. My flower has died with little seed pods on it. New bull not a large as the old one which died of anthrax.

(page 32)
Mon June 12.
Went and found baby Azures.
I found a Shrikes nest.

Tues. June 13.
Found 1 dead 1 alive baby Burmese.
Drongos have eggs.

Wednesday June 14.
Found Shrikes nest in Polonia found two warm Burmese eggs about to hatch.

Thur. June 15.
Moved to Hospital. Saw Starlings. Saw Pied Harrier.

Frid. June 16.
Had to clean our room.

Sat. June 17.
Starlings left nest. Saw Rufous building nest W. Hosp.

Mon. June 18.
Found Shrikes & Drogos nest.

Tues. June 20.
Found Red footshewe two eggs.
Also found Golden Orioles nest.
New kind of eggs never seen before.

(page 33)
Wed June 21.
Found Chickadees nest with babies. We tried to get one but failed. We took old chickadees nest to the Museum.

Thursday June 22.
2 eggs in my Shrikes nest.
Got two baby azures.

Frid June 23.
Got a Canary.
Sad II, Harrison & Andrews II making a cage for a mule bird. (male=canary, female=sparrow)

Sat June 24.
Saw a Greyhead & Pied up Cow Lane, Saw a Kestral fly over.

Sun June 25.
Saw lots of Shrikes & their nests. Saw Greyhead leave hole.

Mon. June 26.
Seed pod growing on arba vita.

Tues June 27.
Cicadas begun to Buzz!

Wed June 28.
2 eggs in orioles nest.
Seeing swallow tails now & comas, Painted Ladies.

(page 34)
Thur June 29.
Saw a Hoopoe up by Cow sheds.
Cuckoos fly round a lot.
Shrikes eggs have hatched.

Frid. June 30.
Our Red foots have 4 eggs.

Sat July 1.
4 more days till we take our Shrikes. Queen ants breading fast.

Sun July 2.
Drongos have babies.
Orioles eggs up cowlane nearly hatched.

Mon July 3.
Found Red Bats.

Tues July 4.
Got three baby Shrikes but one flew out & died with broken neck.
Saw a Hoopoe.

Wed July 5.
Shrikes getting on swell.
Grasshopper gome.
Baby Drongos growing fast.

(page 35)
Thur July 6.
Our Shrikes can perch.

Frid July 7.
Gave Shrikes to Mr. Hubbard.
Orioles have BABIES.
Sat July 8.
Looked at baby Drongos.
Our Shrikes climb all over us they like our hair. They can almost fly.

NOV 1.
Saw a Hen Harrier chasing the pigeons.
Saw a flock of Geese crossing the moon.
Saw a Japanese Kestral.
Polonias are droping leave.

Nov 2.
Saw some Ducks going over.
Saw some Jackdaws.
Saw Starling.
Persimons bearing fruit.

Nov 3.
Saw 100 geese going over us.
Also saw 19 bustards.
Saw a hen Harrier.

Nov 4.
Saw lots of geese and some cranes.
We stuffed a Rufous and a Blue Start.
Acacias are almost bear of leaves.

(page 36)
Nov 5.
Saw a Hen Harrier chasing pigeons, 150 geese, 5 cranes, 18 bustards.

Nov 6.
Saw some Geese. Acacias bear of leaves now. Polonia’s droping leaves.

Nov 7.
Saw Ducks in roll call, 22 bustards. Saw hordes of Mongolian Cranes. Red could be seen on them.

Nov 8.
Drew some leaves, saw a Kestrel chasing pigeons. Rooks are starting to build nests now.

Nov 9.
Saw 2 Geese rising from the river. Sad II saw 2 chestnut Buntings.

Nov 10.
Duck & Geese went over 17 bustards passed during Roll Call. Saw DR. Vies magpies near 45.

Nov 11.
Heard Hoopoe in early morning. Saw thrushes near the river.

(page 37)
Nov 12.
Saw KESTRAL swooping 100 Geese, hordes of Jackdaws & a pied.
Nov 13.
Saw Goshawk, Poplars have not begun to drop yet, most other have.
Nov 14.
Saw Geese, Mulberries are bear, Saw a Deaths Head Moth.
Nov 15.
Saw 2 Red foots, grass withering. Polonias are bear of leaves now.
Nov 16.
Heard a Hoopoe. Sheperds Purse in bloom.
Nov 17.
Saw Kestral & Shangar Falcon. Poplar leaves are falling.
Nov 18.
Saw Goshawk, Saw a few Geese sparrow a cute tame at 10.
Nov 19.
Saw Bustards. Flocks of Magpies around. Saw 2 Grey Heads.
Nov 20.
Saw a Shangar Wheat growing quite high.

(page 38)
Nov 21.
Rooks getting numerous, Lots of Jackdaws. Saw Goshawk.
Nov 22.
Saw Geese & Bustards & Cranes. Poplar nearly bear.
Nov 23.
Saw a violet with seed pods.
Nov 24.
Most trees are bear. Saw a Goat moth.
Nov 25.
Sad II found wing of a Red Foot. Poplar bear went out of camp.
Nov 26.
It is drizzling slightly.
Nov 27.
Saw a Hawk. All trees are bear now except for 2 poplars. It is getting quite cold. Rained.
Nov 28.
Ground all muddy.
Nov 29.
Saw flock of Geese. Sad II & Harrison saw a Wax Wing.
Nov 30.
Wild flowers withering. Very windy. Rooks & Jackdaws getting numerous.

(page 39)
Dec 1.
Sad II saw a few more Waxwings. Still windy.
Dec 2.
Rufous Doves still plentiful. Wind died down. Got stoves.
Dec 3.
Saw a Shangar swoop over.
Dec 4.
Very sunny, little wind. The magpies go round in flocks.
Dec 5.
Azures are very roudy. Saw Kite. You can see poplar catkins well now.
Dec 6.
Saw a Pied Woodpecker.
Dec 10.
Saw several little birds but could not recognise. Several Rooks nests got blown down.
Dec 11.
Saw a hare in the fields.
Dec 13.
Weather not so good now.
Dec 14.
Saw a few stragling Geese going over.

(page 40)

Dec 15.
Saw a flock of about 18 magpies.
Dec 16.
River has been damed.
Dec 17.
Saw a Siberian Roughed legged Buzzard land on a grave outside.
Dec 18.
Saw a Goshawk & Harrier.
Dec 19.
Trees getting buds now.
Poplurs are quite large now.
Dec 20.
Birds of prey common now.
Saw a Japanese Kestral.
Dec 22.
Weather cold in the morning.
Dec 23 & 24.
Took Trichey’s sparrows nest down and put it up outside our window; 61, 36.
Dec 25.
We got other log from in front of 22. And II hollowed it out.
Dec 26.
Saw a Perigrine Falcon.

(page 41)
Dec 27.
Saw a kite circling overhead.
Dec 28.
Heard & saw chickadees and Marsh Tits – windy.
Dec 29.
Very cold. Sparrows on the Hospital roof are very tame.
Dec 30.
Saw two small bird of Prey but could not recognize them. Saw Honey Buzzard.
Dec 31.
Magpies look good in their winter plumage, Saw a Goshawk. Saw a bird of prey but could not recognize it.
Jan 1.
Saw a Siberian Rough legged Buzzard. Saw a magpie building in Jap Quarters.

(page 42)
Jan 2.
Saw 18 magpies all in a flock
Jan 3.
Saw a Heron fly over. Saw some Brambling.
Jan 4.
Saw a Siberian Rough legged Buzzard swoop and then land on a grave.
Jan 5.
Saw a big blackish bird of prey catch a pigeon land eat it then fly away with remains in claws.
Jan 6.
Magpies building now.
Jan 7.
Very cold now. Pigeons, Azures and Rooks are good foretellers of Birds of Prey.
Jan 8.
Saw 45 geese go over in lessons.
Jan 9.
Saw several Brambling fly over the Hospital.

(page 43)
Jan 10.
Saw a Siberian Rough legged Buzzard after the Pigeons.
Magpies getting numerous and noisy.
Jan 11.
Saw several spotted necked Rufous Doves.
Saw a Sparrow Hawk.
Jan 12.
Pigeons fly down to the river and drink from the holes in the ice.
Saw 2 small birds of Prey but could not recognize them.
Poplur catcins growing large.